What is Pre-Diabetes?

What is Pre-Diabetes

What is Pre-Diabetes?

What is Pre-Diabetes

When you have pre-diabetes, your blood sugar levels are high but not high enough to have diabetes.  Pre-diabetes can lead to other serious problems, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.  Now is the time to take action to manage your pre-diabetes.  This may help to prevent other problems. 

Pre-Diabetes is a warning sign of increased risk for:

  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Stroke
  • Blindness

Did you know…….?

Out of 86 million American adults, more than 1 out of 3 have pre-diabetes

How is Pre-Diabetes diagnosed?

These blood tests are used diagnosing pre-diabetes:

  • Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – This test checks your blood sugar levels after an 8-hour fast.  This means that you should not eat or drink anything but water for at least 8 hours before the test.  It is usually done in the morning before breakfast.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): For this test, you’ll get a sugary drink.  Two hours later, you’ll have blood drawn.  This test is also done after an 8-hour fast.  This means that you should not eat or drink anything but water for at least 8 hours before the test.
  • A1C: This test checks your blood sugar level over the past 2-3 months.

Blood Test

Pre-Diabetes Diagnosis

Diabetes Diagnosis

Your Blood Test Results

Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)

100-125 mg/dL

126 mg/dL or higher

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

140-199 mg/dL

200mg/dL or higher



6.5% or higher

Ask your doctor for you blood test results.  Write the numbers in the spaces above.

How often should I have my blood sugar tested?

If you are diagnosed with pre-diabetes, you should have these blood tests yearly or as recommended by your healthcare team.


You can take the steps below to help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes:

  • cutting back on calories and saturated fat
  • losing weight
  • increasing your daily physical activity

Make an action plan

Taking small steps can help you make healthy lifestyle changes.  Use the questions below to talk to your healthcare team.  Your team can help you create an acton plan to meet you goals.

Questions to ask your healthcare team

Your Action Plan

Your Goal

How can I be more active everyday?

What types of physical activity are best for me?

How can I manage my weight?

What are some healthy food choices I can make?

What healthy foods should I choose when I eat out?

What are some healthy snacks I can eat?

What carbohydrates are better for me to eat?

If you’re overweight, losing 7% of your total weight may help to make a big difference in you health.  For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, your goal would be to lose 14 pounds.

Talk to your healthcare provider about starting moderate physical activity such as brisk walking for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week or a total of 150 minutes each week.

This plus healthy food choices may help your overall health.

Are you at risk for Pre-Diabetes?

Check the “Yes” or “No” box by each question to learn about your risks of getting pre-diabetes.

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Are you overweight or obese?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Do you spend most of your time sitting?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Are you 45 years or older?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Does one of your parents or a brother or sister have type 2 diabetes?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Are you African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Have you been diagnosed with hypertension?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Have you been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

Is you rHDL (good cholesterol) lower than 35 mg/dL or triglycerides more than 250 mg/dL?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

If you are female, have you ever had a baby weighing 9 or more pounds?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

If you are female, have you had diabetes during a pregnancy?

(  ) YES       (  ) NO

If you are female, have you been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS?

If you answer “Yes” to one of the questions, talk to your healthcare provider about your pre-diabetes risks.  Pre-Diabetes usually does not have any symptoms, so it is important to know your risks.

**This information is from the resource library at Lilly**

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